Viral hepatitis A, B, C and others Distribution of viral hepatitis in the world assumes the character of the medieval epidemic. According to the World Health Organization, every third inhabitant of the planet is infected with this insidious virus. There are 8 different types of hepatitis viruses: A, B, C, D, E, J, F, tt. Often, the virus does not manifest itself, however, in most cases after infection develop cirrhosis or liver cancer. Recently, more frequent co-infection with viruses B and C, the most dangerous and often leads to irreversible changes in the liver. Route of infection. Widespread viral hepatitis due to ease of infection. Viral hepatitis in 1000 more infectious aids! Even traces of blood are sufficient for infection.
Shared razors, manicure equipment, tattooing, visiting the dentist, gynecologist, surgeries – all of which can be risk factor for infection. Role of sexual transmission of up to 30%. The main risk factors for infection – drug addiction. Source of infection is the blood of an infected person. Before 1989, the main routes of infection had a transfusion of blood and surgical interventions. With the introduction of testing of donated blood and the use of disposable instruments and syringes, the main routes of infection were intravenous drug use, tattooing, piercing, manicure, infection with a dentist.
Risk of sexually transmitted hepatitis C is much lower than that of B and hiv. Monogamous couples can not use methods of barrier contraception.